SMUTTY BEAR was Chief (Itanchan) of the Igmu Oyate (Cat People), which is one of the Oceti Sakowin (Seven Council Fires) from the Ihanktonwan Dakota Oyate (Yankton Sioux Tribe).
The correct translation of Math Sabi Ceya name is He Paints Himself Dark Like A Bear. His name was given because of his excellent hunting skills and success.
Smutty Bear was one of the principal Chiefs in the signing of the 1858 Treaty with United States. He was known as the Chief who held out the longest before signing not wanting to diminish the land or sovereignty of the Ihanktonwan Oyate (Yankton Sioux People). Because of his stance, he was considered to be the respected symbol of resistance by his tribe and the citizens of Dakota Territory.
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